Geography and Maps
The development of civilization is affected by geography. Rome did not spring into being as a power on the Italian peninsula. It began as a tiny village along the Tiber River. It was an excellent location, with seven hills offering a natural defensive barrier. The Tiber River gave these early settlers access to fresh water for drinking and bathing, as well as a waterway for trade, and food to eat. The flatland, on the other side of the Tiber River, was perfect for farmland. The soil was good so crops could be grown easily.
In ancient times, there were enemies everywhere. These early people still had to feed, shelter, bathe themselves and water their animals. The area along the Tiber River, in the seven hills, offered what they needed. They started their city on the top of one hill. They walled around it. As they expanded, they also expanded their wall, until one wall encircled all seven hills.
Rome was protected by two mountain ranges, the Alps and the Apennines. The Alps ran along the northern border and protected Rome during the winter months. The Apennines cut the Italian peninsula in half, giving Rome needed protection, especially in the early days when Rome was growing, and developing an army.
Rome was also in a central location in the Mediterranean region. The Romans could reach France in a couple of days on horseback. By boat, they could reach Spain, Greece, and Africa. That helped Rome to become the center of international trade around the Mediterranean.
There is an old saying: Rome was not built in a day. But with all these advantages, it's no wonder that Rome grew quickly.
Read the Myth of Romulus and Remus - who started it all
Ask Mr. Donn Q&A Interactive - 5 Themes of Geography, Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome Maps - see below (free use clipart for kids and teachers, for kids and teachers, right click and save to your computer)
Map #1 (below): Rome as a Kingdom (in yellow)
Map #2 (below): Rome as a Republic (in green)
Map #3 (below): Rome as an Empire (in orange)
Map #4 (below): Rome is divided into two empires, the Western Roman Empire (including Rome) and the Eastern Roman Empire (including Constantinople.)
Map #5 (below): Barbarians Attack Rome! The
fall of the Western Roman Empire (in dark orange.)
The Eastern Roman Empire (in green), renamed the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome, flourished for another 1000 years!
Explore Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome for Kids
Quick Comparison: Ancient Greeks vs. Ancient Romans
Geography, Natural Resources, Maps
Three Periods in Roman History
Gods, Goddesses, Myths, Religion
Roman Letters Home, Inscriptions
Art and Architecture
Roman Architecture, the Great Builders
Roman Emperors - Augustus, Trajan, Diocletian, Constantine, Valens
Achievements and Inventions
How the planets got their names
Achievements, Contributions - Concrete, Aquaducts, and more
Play Free Interactive Online Games about Ancient Rome
Interactive Quiz Questions with Answers about Ancient Rome by Topic
Ancient Rome Five Themes of Geography
Early Ancient Rome - The Founding and Kingdom
Ancient Rome - The Roman Republic
Ancient Rome - The Roman Empire
Ancient Roman Religion, Festivals, Holidays
Ancient Rome - Rights of Slaves, Children, and Women
Ancient Roman Art, Architecture, Inventions, Achievements
Ancient Rome for Teachers
Ancient Rome Lesson Plans & Units
Ancient Rome Activities and Projects
Ancient Rome Free Use PowerPoints
Investigate Real Life Artifacts in the Museum of the Ancients