In Ancient Rome, only adult free men
could be citizens. Women, children, and slaves could not become citizens of Rome.
In ancient Rome, all women were under an adult male guardian.
That guardian was the oldest male in the household be it a father,
husband, uncle, or even oldest male child.
Women were the center of the
household. The wife of the guardian was responsible for taking
care of the home and family. The wife of the guardian was also
responsible for teaching all the younger women how to cook, sew, be good
wives and run a household.
changed after Rome became an empire. Women
gained considerable power and some freedoms. Women gained the
right to conduct business. They could own land, free slaves and
even get a paid job. While they were still considered under the
guardianship of a father or husband, they had many more rights then