Government under the Roman
The Roman system of government might
seem a little strange to us, but for them it worked for almost 500
years. The republic was run by the Senate. The senate
passed all laws and collected all taxes. All members of the
Senate were of the Patrician or wealthy landowner class.
At the head of the senate were two consuls. The
Consuls controlled the legions of Rome. A
senator was selected by the Consuls and remained a senator for
life. The Consuls also selected
the new members of the Senate if a senator died. To become a
consul, you had to be elected by a majority of the popular vote from
all citizens of Rome.
There was a second part of Roman
government, the assembly. The assembly was elected by Romans
from the plebeian class. The Assembly had no real power per the
governmental structure, but if
you didn't listen to the assembly they had the power of most of the
citizens behind them and could make life very interesting.