In its early days, when Rome was a
kingdom, kids did not go to school. Education took place
in the home and was done by the family. If a family had someone
who knew how to read and write, the boys were taught how. They were
also taught how to be warriors. Finally, they were taught how to
manage the farm or business and how to behave in society. All this
teaching was done by other males in the household.
Girls were taught by the females in the
household. They were taught how to run a household and how to be
a good wife.
If they could afford it the family
might hire a tutor to teach math and oration, but mostly the teaching
was by the family.
changed during the republic. The Romans saw how the Greeks taught
their children using paid teachers to educate groups of students.
The Romans figured that this was a pretty good system so they adopted
it. However, school was not free. You had to pay the teacher
so poor children did not go to school.
taught more than just reading and writing. They also taught math
and Greek literature. But the main subject was Oration or public
started before sunrise with students working using candles or oil
lamps. They took a break for lunch and siesta, then worked again
until late afternoon.
Education for Kids (BBC)