The ancient Romans loved pomp and spectacle. And the
Roman legion provided that. Each legion had its own special banner,
its own name, and its own number. Within the legion, centuries
(groups of 100 men) also had a banner. The legion also had trumpet
players, drummers and other noisemakers, so a Roman legion on the march was
a legion moved camp, they would totally break apart the old camp and
march away. When stopped for the night,
they would build a new camp, complete with walls towers and even
Their armor -
in spite of what you might have seen in the movies - most probably did not
shine. Some armor was made of leather, with metal on the
inside, A legionary's uniform included a rectangular shield,
a short sword, a dagger, jacket, belt, helmet, kilt,
shirt, and hobnailed sandals. The legion wore special hob-nailed sandals
which were designed to make a loud noise and even create sparks on rocky
ground. A new legionnaire was issued these items.
legionnaires were from the plebian or poor class. Officers were
from the patrician class and they bought their own armor and
weapons. They also had to provide their own horses.
legion was very organized, and very successful. Its reputation as an
invincible fighting organization was so great that sometimes, when they
moved into a new region, the people gave up without a fight.
Each legionary served for a minimum of 25
years before he could retire. When a legionary retired, he was given
land in the provinces and a small pension. This gave Rome trained
military men to help the legions and protect towns and villages all over
Army - Where did they live?
What did Roman soldiers
the Roman Centurion
a Roman Soldier
The Roman Army