The Roman Republic was
gone. In its place, the government was now a dictatorship, under the
leadership of an emperor. The first Roman emperor
was Augustus, the adopted son of Julius Caesar. He was emperor for 45 years.
the beginning of the Pax Romana or Roman Peace. This is a very
misleading title. There wasn't really peace.
Rome continued to expand the empire,
mostly through conquest. Rome itself was still beset by
criminals and sometimes riots. It is called the Pax Romana
because the empire itself was stable. The people knew that there
was an emperor to run things and Roman legions to take care of wars
and riots. They didn't have to worry about somebody coming in
and conquering Rome and destroying their beautiful city.
of Rome's most spectacular and huge construction projects were built
during this time period, the period we call the Roman Empire. Thousands of miles of roads were built
to keep the empire united. Art, literature and theatre flourished
and grew. Rome was at its height.