Fall of Rome
Rome - Kingdom, Republic and Empire together - lasted about
1200 years. Rome ruled all around the Mediterranean and large
sections of Europe and Southwest Asia. Yet in the end, the problems
grew too great and the Western Roman Empire fell.
Why did the
empire fall apart?
There is no one single reason, but a series of
problems that grew too large to solve. The empire grew too
large to govern. The Romans tried to solve this by dividing the
empire. The Romans no longer wanted to serve in the army. The
Romans tried to solve this by hiring barbarians to fight for them.
Civil wars broke out in Rome between different factions. The rich
grew disinterested in helping Rome and only wanted more for themselves
and their families. The population of Rome shrank. Trade
decreased while taxes and prices increased. The poor were
overtaxed. The use of slaves put people out of work.
Romans were aware of these problems and sometimes, under a good emperor,
they would work on them for a while. In time, the good
emperor would be gone and a bad one would take his place. Soon the
problems in the Western Roman Empire grew so great that the Western (European) Roman
empire fell to barbarian tribes in Europe.
The Eastern Roman empire
continued another 1000 years.