In the 500 years Rome was an
Empire, there were over 140 different emperors!
Some emperors were good. Some were
Some were just plain crazy!
Augustus was Julius Caesar's
adopted son. Meet
Emperor Augustus - The First Roman Emperor
At first people thought Nero was great. They soon discovered that Emperor Nero was
Trajan was the first Roman emperor who was
not from Italy. He was Spanish. He was a great conqueror. Under
his rule, the empire grew and covered more geography than at any
In an effort to better manage the Roman
split the empire into two pieces. Historians call these
pieces the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire.
Constantine was the first Christian Roman
emperor. He lived in the Eastern Roman Empire, and chose his
capital to be the small town Byzantium, which he renamed
The western side of the empire, which
included the city of Rome, became less and less important to the
Eastern Roman Empire.
Byzantium was located in a perfect
position to trade with the east and the west. Rather than send
traded goods onto to Rome, Constantine kept most of the goods in his
own half of the empire. He also took money from the Roman treasury
and used it to help build his city, Constantinople.
weakened the Western Roman Empire. Rome already did not have enough
money to pay their bills, including paying the men in the Roman
Valens & the Barbarians
Augustus - Walk the Plank
Coin Tells a Story
of Roman Emperors
See Also: Julius