The very early Romans wore a toga. It
looked like a white sheet 9 yards long. Togas were arranged very
carefully, in a stylish way.
Togas fell out of style rather
early. (The toga was
inconvenient, and people felt the cold when they wore it.) To get
anyone to wear them, even very early emperors had to legislate the
wearing of togas by at least senators. Eventually, the emperors gave
The Romans switched to comfortable
tunics, which looked like long tee-shirts. They were far more
practical. Tunics were made of cool linen for summer wear, and warm
wool for winter wear. Sometimes, they worn trouser like affairs.
Rings were the only jewelry worn by
Roman citizen men, and good manners dictated only one ring. Of
course, some men did not follow "good taste", and wore
as many as sixteen rings. Hairstyles and beards varied with the
times. In early Roman times, men wore long hair and full beards.
For a while, they were clean-shaven with short hair. About 1c CE,
they had started to style their hair, and wear beards again.
Women: Women enjoyed
gazing at themselves in mirrors of highly polished metal (not
glass). The ancient Roman women loved ornate necklaces, pins,
earrings, bracelets and friendship rings. Pearls were
Women often dyed their hair,
usually golden-red. They used false hairpieces to make their hair
thicker or longer. Sometimes, Roman women wore their hair up, in
carefully arranged styles, held with jeweled hairpins. Sometimes
they wore it down, curled in ringlets.
Parasols were used, or women might
carry fans made of peacock feathers, wood or stretched
Women's street shoes were made of
leather, like a man's. In the house, most Romans (men and women)
wore sandals. Women's sandals were brightly colored. Some were
even decorated with pearls.