Cicero was a famous
Roman writer and orator. He lived during the same time as Julius
Caesar. Cicero and Julius Caesar did know each other.
Both were popular and powerful politicians. Both were successful
generals. Both had served as elected Consul, which was the most
powerful position in the Republic of Rome's government. Cicero was
also a very talented author. He left many of his speeches written
down, and others copied them, so we still have them today.
And like Julius Caesar,
people came to hear Cicero speak. He was a powerful orator.
When Cicero spoke about how people should govern themselves they
listened. Julius Caesar knew if anyone could stop him from taking
over the government of Rome it would be Cicero.
spoke out about government, people listened. Cicero said: "In a kingdom, only the king has many
rights. Kings can be wise and just. But rule by one person can easily
Cicero spoke out against
Julius Caesar when Caesar declared himself dictator. Because he
spoke out, Julius Caesar sent soldiers to arrest him. By then, Caesar
had the Roman legion under his control. Cicero had to
flee Rome. When Julius Caesar was assassinated, Augustus, Caesar's
adopted son, took charge. He did not call himself a dictator or a king.
He called himself emperor. He was the first Roman emperor.
Cicero did not care if
Rome's leader called himself a dictator, a king, or an emperor. Cicero continued to speak out against the
rule of one man and spoke strongly for the virtues of a republic form of
government for Rome. Cicero was assassinated
because of his speeches against the emperor.