Cicero was born six years before Julius Caesar.
These two famous men were never close friends, but they did know each
other, and they were
in politics at the same time.
Cicero was from a wealthy family. He was
educated as a lawyer. He served in the Senate. He served as elected
Consul, the highest position in government under the Republic.
a wonderful speaker. When Cicero spoke, people listened. Julius
Caesar knew that. Cicero's power with the people was a concern
to Julius Caesar. If anyone could block Caesar's success, he believed it would most likely
spoke out about government, people listened. Cicero said: "In a kingdom, only the king has many
rights. Kings can be wise and just. But rule by one person can easily
Julius Caesar entered the city of Rome with his army, and declared
himself dictator, just as Julius Caesar had expected him to, Cicero was quick to respond.
Cicero announced: "I see no reason for ... being
alarmed except the fact that, once departure has been made from the
law, everything is uncertain; and nothing can be guaranteed as to the
future which depends upon another man's will, not to say caprice. When
Caesar declared himself dictator for life, his action was in direct
violation of the principals of a constitutional republic."
speech did not go over very well with the new all-powerful
emperor, Julius Caesar. Cicero had to flee Rome.
left us a gift - his legacy of writings that tell us a great deal about ancient Roman
government and daily life. Cicero's words are still powerful